Banner Description Donec justo odio, lobortis eget congue sed, rutrum sit amet mauris. Curabitur sed lectus nulla. Curabitur sed lectus nulla.lobortis eget congue sed, rutrum sit amet mauris. Curabitur sed lectus nulla rutrum sit amet mauris

aged care

Poi in Aged Care

Good for the body, good for the mind, and a whole lotta fun!

SpinPoi is currently developing guides for playing poi in aged care facilities. Please enjoy some excerpts below from the rest home/hospital level guide. If you'd like to be notified when the full guides are available, just drop us a line:

Coming soon...

Coming soon...

Coming soon...

Poi, a ball on a cord spun in circular patterns around the body, is a fun, affordable, accessible way to keep the body and mind fit as we age. Dr. Kate Riegle van West, founder of SpinPoi, conducted the first rigorous scientific research on the health benefits of poi for older adults, finding improvements in grip strength, balance, and attention after just one month of poi practice. Kate is currently a poi/health consultant, helping implement poi programs worldwide with a focus on aged care facilities. For more information about how poi might benefit your organization, please get in touch. Kate is available for virtual and in person consultation. Email:


Finding the right poi

There are many different styles of poi, and unfortunately no "one size fits all"...different people like different poi. That being said, there a few things that work well for most rest home and hospital level residents.

Length (keep them short)

Short poi work best for residents sitting or lying down, as they are easier to wield and have less chance of hitting the arms of the chair or the resident themselves. A good length, from end to end, is from the palm of the hand to the elbow. This is long enough for residents who want a bit of length, but also easy to shorten (by either holding the poi more in the middle of the cord, or wrapping the cord around the hand) without tons of extra cord flopping around. 

Weight (keep them soft and light)

Light poi are less taxing on the muscles and also gentler if they happen to fly into your face. That being said, it is important for the poi to have a little weight, otherwise it is very difficult to sustain the momentum necessary to spin them. The best way to find the right weight balance is to simply experiment…throw some stuffing in there, add a bit of rice for weight, and give them a twirl. Adjust amounts based on personal preference. Whatever materials you are using, make sure to keep them soft (i.e. no tennis balls or other rigid objects!).

Grip (use a thick cord, and don't worry about a handle)

I’ve tried all kinds of knobs and knots and other devices for people to hold on to, and in the end the majority of residents prefer to hold on to the cord itself. This gives them the most freedom (they can hold the poi however they like, and make it whatever length they like). If you are making Maori style poi and are weaving a cord, make sure it is a thick braid. Thicker cord is easier to hold, especially for those with weak grip strength.

Example of Māori style poi. The cord is made of yarn, woven by retirement village residents. The head can be made from a plastic bag or plastic table cloth filled with anything soft and light, such as more plastic bags or pillow stuffing.

Example of sock style poi…it’s literally a sock! Sock poi require a little more weight than Māori poi in order to spin well. Try filling the head with other socks, or some stuffing and a little rice.

Encourage residents to get crafty! Poi making is a great activity for all ages and abilities. Alternatively, there are plenty of ready-made poi for sale online (just google something like "practice poi for sale").


Setting up the space

A well set up space will help ensure residents can enjoy the session and participate safely.

Leave plenty of space between chairs

Twirling poi takes up more room than most people anticipate. As a rule of thumb, leave space for an entire person in between each chair (i.e. if you are putting 2 chairs next to each other, make room for a third chair in between them, and leave that space empty). This will ensure residents have space to move around, and will also cause less alarm for residents who may be present but not participating (it can be frightening to have the poi from the person next to you whizzing close to your face!).  

Circle up

An ideal arrangement for the session is a circle, with the instructor seated in the circle amongst the residents. This arrangement fosters a unity within the group, as everyone can see everyone, and also ensures everyone can see the instructor. 

Set the groove

The right music can really set the tone for a session and keep the energy up. I highly recommend using music from the era of your residents that has a good groove. Some suggestions are Little Bitty Pretty One by Thurston Harris, Let’s Stay Together by Al Green, and Let’s Twist Again by Chubby Checker.


Warm up

It's important to warm up before beginning, as it primes the body for more vigorous movement and helps prevent injury.

The warm up module will be available soon as part of our full guide


Free play

After warming up, 15 - 20 minutes of guided free play gives residents a chance to explore many different poi movements in a low stress atmosphere. The emphasis should be on enjoying the process and feeling of simply moving, rather than trying to get a movement "right".

Start small

Start with very simple movements, such as swinging the poi back and forth, or “stirring the pot” (making a circle parallel to the ground). These movements will build confidence and ease residents into full on spinning. 

Progress from one hand to two hands

It’s always a good idea to start with one hand. For example, you may begin the lesson with something simple as suggested above, such as: “let’s swing the poi back and forth.” You can then prompt them with “let’s try the other hand now.” Residents will naturally start with their dominant hand, so they may struggle a bit when you ask them to switch. After each hand has a turn, suggest trying both hands together.

Try all the variations

Remember that in addition to one hand and two hands, every poi movement can be explored in different planes with different timing and direction. Let’s continue with the example of swinging the poi back and forth. This motion could be done with one poi by your side or in front of you, high or low. When working with two poi, the poi could be swinging together (both left and both right) or the poi could be swinging opposite (poi heads meeting in the middle). Whatever the move, you can take note of which way the poi is moving, and where it is in space, and try a different variation.

Take cues from the residents

Residents are always coming up with new moves and variations, sometimes intentionally and sometimes accidentally! Keep looking around the room and don’t be afraid to follow the lead of one of your residents. It’s nice to give them some positive reinforcement without singling them out too much, such as “I like what you’re doing over there, that’s a great move! How about we all try spinning the poi over our head.”



Routines will give the lesson structure and give residents something to work toward, along with adding another dimension to the session through music and singing.

The routine module will be available soon as part of our full guide.


Cool down

Cool down exercises bring closure to the session and provide a nice transition from vigorous poi twirling to post exercise relaxation.

Let the upper body relax

The upper body has worked hard! Do a few exercises to let those muscles relax, such as shaking out hands and arms, gently stretching the arm across the body, and rolling the shoulders. 

Focus on breathing

Taking some deep breaths in and out is a great way to relax and ground. Try incorporating a few simple Tai Chi movements with breathing, such as slowly raising the arms with a breath in, and slowly lowering the arms with a breath out.

Share a round of applause

Ending with a round of applause brings everyone together and ends the session on a high note. It also creates space for you to acknowledge how well each of the residents did during the session.

Need more help?

Dr. Kate Riegle van West is available for virtual or in person consultation. This may range from a short conversation to creating and implementing a full poi/aged care program tailored to your needs. For enquiries please message Kate at:

Need a bit of help learning poi? We are working on our own tutorial series, but for now, check out these great beginner tutorials from our friends PlayPoi.